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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Occurrence of explosive gases in coal mines. found in the catalog.

Occurrence of explosive gases in coal mines.

Nelson Horatio Darton

Occurrence of explosive gases in coal mines.

by Nelson Horatio Darton

  • 131 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Govt. print. off. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Mine explosions.,
  • Coal mine accidents.

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsIllinois. University. Dept. of mining and engineering., Illinois State Geological Survey
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTN23 .U4 no. 72
    The Physical Object
    Pagination248 p.
    Number of Pages248
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6582419M
    LC Control Number15026213
    OCLC/WorldCa570185

    and hydrocarbons (HC) in underground coal and metal/nonmetal mines. The extensive use of diesel-powered equipment in underground mines makes it challenging to control workers’ exposure to submicron aerosols and noxious gases emitted by those engines. In order to protectFile Size: 2MB. Gases found in the Coal Mines The danger from explosions is ever present in coal mines. Ignition of naturally occurring methane gas can be disastrous. This gas is known in the pits as firedamp, a mixture of methane gas and air. Methane (CH4) is odorless, tasteless, colorless, and lighter than air which means it is found near the roof of the.

    A gas explosion coal mine accident was analyzed using the 24Model and the proposed action path, and 12 unsafe actions, 3 unsafe states, 4 habitual behaviors, 10 safety management systems, and Abstract - In coal mines there square measure such a big amount of venturous gases that square measure gift displaces the mandatory gas to support the human life, so it's necessary to develop such a technology to live the extent of the harmful gases therein atmosphere that .

    Spontaneous combustion in coal mines has occupied the attention of Mining Engineers, Ship­ owners, Chemists and Physicists for centuries, and without doubt it has been a prime contributing cause of many underground coal mining disasters. Most early investigators were concerned with establishing the main reasons for its occurrence butFile Size: KB. To achieve the lowest total operational cost, coal mining companies are realizing the value of Dyno Nobel explosives products. TITAN bulk emulsions and DigiShot / SmartShot electronic initiation systems can be adapted to match your geology with the right energy at the right time to reduce your overall total cost.


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Occurrence of explosive gases in coal mines by Nelson Horatio Darton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Occurrence of explosive gases in coal mines. [Nelson Horatio Darton; University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus). Department of Mining Engineering.; Illinois State Geological Survey.]. Mb: Bulletin 72 - Occurrence of Explosive Gases in Coal Mines This report presents the results of an investigation begun ny the government in the summer ofthe investigation being started under the immediate supervision of Dr.

Holmes and continued under him as director after it was transferred to the Bureau of Mines inthe field studies being. D EXPLOSIVE MINE GASES AND DUSTS.

EXPLOSIONS STUDIED. The first of the three mine explosions mentioned occurred in the Naomi mine of the United Coal Company, near Bellevernon, Pa., on Sunday, December 1, at p. All the men who were within the mine at the time, fortunately o were : Rollin Thomas Chamberlin.

From tothere were 10 multiple fatality explosions in underground coal mines in the U.S. These explosions increased the fatality rate from to in and from to in (peremployee hours worked, underground coal). Mine gas, any of various harmful vapours produced during mining operations.

The gases are frequently called damps (German Dampf, “vapour”). Firedamp is a gas that occurs naturally in coal seams. The gas is nearly always methane (CH 4) and is highly inflammable and explosive when present in the air in a proportion of 5 to 14 damp, or carbon monoxide.

Keywords: coal mine; gas; explosive gases; explosion limits 1 Introduction Gas explosions are some of the most serious disasters in coal mines and may cause heavy loss of life and property.

Therefore, it is very important to take reliable measures to monitor the variation of gas concentrations to prevent the occurrence of accidents due to gas Cited by: 8. RELATED TO GEOLOGIC FEATURES IN COAL MINES.

By James P. Ulery. ABSTRACT. Explosions in U.S. coal mines have caused death and injury to miners and destruction of workings since the first reported explosion in These explosions are caused when buildups of explosive gas and/or dust in the mine are ignited by the presence of a flame or File Size: KB.

Firedamp is explosive at concentrations between 4% and 16%, with most explosions occurring at around 10%. It caused many deaths in coal mines before the invention of the Geordie lamp and Davy lamp.

Even after the safety lamps were brought into common use, firedamp explosions could still occur from sparks produced when coal contaminated with pyrites was struck with.

book Methane Most common contaminant in coal mines Found in trona mines; sometimes in potash, limestone, oil shale and salt mines Small amounts in copper, tungsten, iron, gypsum, marble, gold and silver mines Methane Colorless, odorless, tasteless, nontoxic, and highly flammable Much lighter than air, thus found in high areas of mines and at roofFile Size: 86KB.

This is a shortened version of the paper “The Methane-Air Explosion Hazard Within Coal Mine Gobs published in the volume of SME Transactions (Brune,pp.

This paper analyzes the explosion hazard resulting from the formation of methane-air mixtures in the mined-out gobs of underground longwall coal mines. Coal mine gas (firedamp) is a problematic phenomenon associated with coal mining, as the gas can form explosive mixtures together with air.

The main component of the primary coal seam gas is methane in a concentration of % the gas develops during the geochemical conversion of organic substances to coal (carbonisation). Impact on underground coal mines. In underground coal mines, MSHA imposes distinct requirements for diesel-powered equipment usage.

This is due to the possible presence of coal dust, explosive gas mixtures, and other related safety matters. MSHA also requires that any diesel equipment used in an underground coal mine must be approved by.

The most common fuel sources for explosions in underground mines are flammable gases and explosive dust. In coal mining flammable gases can be present as a seam gas, or produced as a result of oxidation or distillation of coal.

The extraction process can generate fine coal dust that could provide sufficient fuel for an Size: KB. "In most U.S. coal mines, each ton of coal contains between to cubic feet ( to 17 cubic meters) of methane," Luo told Life's Little Mysteries.

"When air contains 5 percent to This book addresses the hazard of gas explosions in sealed underground coal mines, and how the risk of explosion can be assessed, modeled, and : Jianwei Cheng. In both deep and open cast coal mines methane gas is an ever-present hazard.

City’s methane and other flammable gas sensors have extensive approvals to the various global mining specifications. Specific regional issues are a further complication, for example, in South African mines, hydrogen cross-sensitivity is a particular concern. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RIJan; Two degasification test boreholes were drilled to depths of 1, and 1, feet on Bureau of Mines property at Bruceton, Pennsylvania, as part of the Bureau of Mines long-range coal.

Among the many dangers of coal mining—cave-ins and collapses, fire, explosions, various health risks from overwork to pneumoconiosis ("black lung")—is the danger of the buildup of different gases in the mine.

This can effect the worker by being poisonous or merely through the replacement of oxygen in the breathing air leading to suffocation. While death is at.

Methane-rich gases, generally containing 80 per cent to 95 per cent methane at underground mining depths, occur naturally in coal seams and are released as CMM when coal seams are disturbed by mining activities. Methane is an explosive gas in the range of 5 per cent to 15 per cent methane in air.

UG Explosives and Blasting 1. K D PRASAD GM(Min)/(Vig) 2. Definition of Explosives: Explosives is a chemical compound or mixture, when exploded by action of heat, impact, gives large volume of gases in a very short time at high temperature & pressure.

Classification: All commercial Explosives are broadly divided in two categories. Low. The occurrence of fire in underground mines in Jharia coal field has devastating impact over the atmosphere due to release of Hydroc arbons, SO 2 and other gases from the coal mass with the.Nearly 8, lives have been lost in US coal mines alone.

Worldwide figures are much higher. Criteria for both gas and coal dust explosions are discussed. Flammability limits (upper and lower) for all mine gases are discussed.

Techniques to determine if a mixture of combustible and inert gases are explosive are presented. The mass closure of Britain's pits left many bad legacies, but none worse than the gases seeping up from disused mines. Paul Humphries on the need to protect people living in former pit villagesAuthor: Paul Humphries.